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Chapter 38 of the Julia Language Documentation

Translating from R

Block Termination

R uses the {} to denote a block of statements. Julia uses the end keyword to terminate blocks.


Julia doesn't allow the <-, <<- and -> operators that are used commonly in R code.

Assignment is only Alias

Most julia objects are assigned by reference, i.e., an assignment creates an alias not a copy.

Array Creation

  • R : c(1,2,3)
  • Julia : [1,2,3]

Vectors and Types

Vectors are always typed and flattened in R, but not in julia.

Matrix Multiplication

  • R : A %*% B
  • Julia : A * B

Translating from Matlab

Julia and Matlab have very similar syntax, with a few notable differences. This file should help you convert Matlab code into Julia.

Package imports

The list of registered Julia packages can be found at the Pkg list website, or at Julia.jl.

Some common matlab libraries and their equivalents include:

Also, Julia uses the import, using and include constructs to import code from other files or packages.

Array Indexing

Matlab and Julia use very similar notations for vector indexing, and differ only in the operator used: Matlab uses the A(1,2) notation, while Julia uses the A[1,2] notation.

Assignment is only Alias

Most julia objects are assigned by reference, i.e., an assignment creates an alias not a copy.

Imaginary Numbers

The square root of an -1 is denoted by the symbol im in Julia. Complex numbers in general are represented by the Complex{T} type. The complex form of a number can be obtained using the complex function.

Files and functions

In Julia file names aren't associated with the functions they contain. A file may contain multiple modules and functions and can be named arbitrarily.

Function Declarations

Matlab uses named output arguments. Julia uses explicit return statements. The syntax for declaring anonymous functions also differs in Julia.

julia> function f(x,y); return(x + y); end#function
julia> f= (x,y)->(x + y)
julia> f(x,y)= (x + y)

Translating from Perl

In Julia, array indices begin with 1. In Perl, array indexes begin with 0.

Translating from Python [[translation:python|Python to Julia]]

Indentation and Block statements

In Python indentations are used to identify statement blocks. In Julia, the keyword end is often used to terminate a block of statements.

function f(x,y)
[download only julia statements]
def f(x,y):

Array indexing

In Julia, array indices begin with 1. In Python, array indexes begin with 0.

julia> A = [1,2,3]

julia> A[0]
ERROR: BoundsError: attempt to access 3-element Array{Int64,1} at index [0]

Julia and Other Computer Languages

  • Common Gotchas.
  • Opinionated relative language advantages and disadvantages

Multiple Dispatch

In Julia, methods do not belong to objects, but are implementations of generic functions. If you're used to Object oriented languages such as Python, this may seem strange. In python you'd use the . operator to access an objects methods. In Julia, you would pass the object as the first argument to the function. For example, to define a Class Person with an age accessor method in Python, you would do:

[download only julia statements]
class Person:
   def __init__(self, age):
      self.age = age
   def get_age(self):
p = Person(10)
python> p.get_age()
julia> type Person

julia> getAge(x::Person) = x.age

julia> p = Person(10)

julia> getAge(p)
translation.txt · Last modified: 2018/08/25 08:24 (external edit)